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  1. Acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC) is the second most frequent surgical condition in emergency departments. The recommended treatment is the early laparoscopic cholecystectomy; however, the Tokyo Guidelines (...

    Authors: Ana María González-Castillo, Juan Sancho-Insenser, Maite De Miguel-Palacio, Josep-Ricard Morera-Casaponsa, Estela Membrilla-Fernández, María-José Pons-Fragero, Miguel Pera-Román and Luis Grande-Posa

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:24

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Despite the current therapeutic options for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, surgery is still frequently required in the emergency setting, although the number of cases performed seems to have decr...

    Authors: Belinda De Simone, Justin Davies, Elie Chouillard, Salomone Di Saverio, Frank Hoentjen, Antonio Tarasconi, Massimo Sartelli, Walter L. Biffl, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Massimo Chiarugi, Nicola De’Angelis, Ernest E. Moore, Yoram Kluger, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Boris Sakakushev…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:23

    Content type: Review

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  3. The COVID-19 pandemic caused a rise in healthcare demands leading to significant restructuring of hospital emergency departments worldwide. The aim of the present study is twofold: firstly, to discern any diff...

    Authors: Emmanouil Pikoulis, Nikolaos Koliakos, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou, Nikolaos Pararas, Andreas Pikoulis, Stavratis Fotios-Christos, Constantinos Nastos, Georgios Bagias, Eleni Boutati, Federico Coccolini and Fausto Catena

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:22

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Embolization is widely used for controlling arterial hemorrhage associated with pelvic fracture. However, the effect of a delay in embolization among hemodynamically stable patients at hospital arrival with a ...

    Authors: Makoto Aoki, Toshikazu Abe, Shokei Matsumoto, Shuichi Hagiwara, Daizoh Saitoh and Kiyohiro Oshima

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The effectiveness of surgical treatment for splenic flexure carcinomas (SFCs) in emergency settings remains unexplored. This study aims to compare the perioperative and long-term outcomes of different alternat...

    Authors: Nicola de’Angelis, Eloy Espin, Frederic Ris, Filippo Landi, Bertrand Le Roy, Federico Coccolini, Valerio Celentano, Angela Gurrado, Denis Pezet, Giorgio Bianchi, Riccardo Memeo, Giulio C. Vitali, Alejandro Solis, Christine Denet, Salomone Di Saverio, Gian Luigi de’Angelis…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:20

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Information on hyperoxemia among patients with trauma has been limited, other than traumatic brain injuries. This study aimed to elucidate whether hyperoxemia during resuscitation of patients with trauma was a...

    Authors: Ryo Yamamoto, Seitaro Fujishima, Junichi Sasaki, Satoshi Gando, Daizoh Saitoh, Atsushi Shiraishi, Shigeki Kushimoto, Hiroshi Ogura, Toshikazu Abe, Toshihiko Mayumi, Joji Kotani, Taka-aki Nakada, Yasukazu Shiino, Takehiko Tarui, Kohji Okamoto, Yuichiro Sakamoto…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:19

    Content type: Research article

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  7. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Belinda De Simone, Massimo Sartelli, Federico Coccolini, Chad G. Ball, Pietro Brambillasca, Massimo Chiarugi, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Gabriela Nita, Davide Corbella, Ari Leppaniemi, Elena Boschini, Ernest E. Moore, Walter Biffl, Andrew Peitzmann, Yoram Kluger, Michael Sugrue…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:18

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:10

  8. “Dirty mass” is a specific computed tomography (CT) finding that is seen frequently in colorectal perforation. The prognostic significance of this finding for mortality is unclear.

    Authors: Daichi Ishikawa, Yukako Takehara, Atsushi Takata, Kazuhito Takamura and Hirohiko Sato

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:17

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Early cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis has proved to reduce hospital length of stay but with no benefit in morbidity when compared to delayed surgery. However, in the literature, early timing refers to ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Borzellino, Safi Khuri, Michele Pisano, Subhi Mansour, Niccolò Allievi, Luca Ansaloni and Yoram Kluger

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:16

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Procalcitonin (PCT) is widely considered as a highly sensitive biomarker of bacterial infection, offering general and emergency surgeons a key tool in the management of surgical infections. A multidisciplinary...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Luca Ansaloni, Michele Bartoletti, Fausto Catena, Maurizio Cardi, Francesco Cortese, Francesco Di Marzo, Federico Pea, Mario Plebani, Gian Maria Rossolini, Gabriele Sganga, Bruno Viaggi and Pierluigi Viale

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:15

    Content type: Review

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  11. Since the COVID-19 pandemic has occurred, nations showed their unpreparedness to deal with a mass casualty incident of this proportion and severity, which resulted in a tremendous number of deaths even among h...

    Authors: Belinda De Simone, Elie Chouillard, Massimo Sartelli, Walter L. Biffl, Salomone Di Saverio, Ernest E. Moore, Yoram Kluger, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Ari Leppänemi, Andrew B. Peitzmann, Leonardo Pagani, Gustavo P. Fraga, Ciro Paolillo, Edoardo Picetti…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:14

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We present the New Year letter from the WSES board to wish everyone a new year full of positive surprises and good news, despite COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Belinda De Simone, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E. Moore, Salomone Di Saverio, Massimo Sartelli, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Walter L. Biffl and Fausto Catena

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:13

    Content type: Commentary

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  13. Senior adults fear postoperative loss of independence the most, and this might represent an additional burden for families and society. The number of geriatric patients admitted to the emergency room requiring...

    Authors: Davide Zattoni, Isacco Montroni, Nicole Marie Saur, Anna Garutti, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Federico Ghignone, Giovanni Taffurelli and Giampaolo Ugolini

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:12

    Content type: Research article

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  14. There is controversy regarding the efficacy of different treatment strategies for acute left malignant colonic obstruction. This study investigated the 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (D...

    Authors: Ling Tan, Zi-lin Liu, Meng-ni Ran, Ling-han Tang, Yan-jun Pu, Yi-lei Liu, Zhou Ma, Zhou He and Jiang-wei Xiao

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:11

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Although damage control (DC) surgery is widely assumed to reduce mortality in critically injured patients, survivors often suffer substantial morbidity, suggesting that it should only be used when indicated. T...

    Authors: Derek J. Roberts, Niklas Bobrovitz, David A. Zygun, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Chad G. Ball, Peter D. Faris and Henry T. Stelfox

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:10

    Content type: Research article

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  16. SARS-CoV-2 infection has spread worldwide, and the pathogenic mechanism is still under investigation. The presence of a huge inflammatory response, defined as “cytokine storm,” is being studied in order to und...

    Authors: Filippo Banchini, Gaetano Maria Cattaneo and Patrizio Capelli

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:9

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Non-operative management (NOM) is generally accepted as a treatment method of traumatic paediatric splenic rupture. However, considerable variations in management exist. This study analyses local trends in aet...

    Authors: Maike Grootenhaar, Dominique Lamers, Karin Kamphuis-van Ulzen, Ivo de Blaauw and Edward C. Tan

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:8

    Content type: Research article

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  18. En bloc right hemicolectomy plus pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is administered for locally advanced colon carcinoma that invades the duodenum and/or pancreatic head. This procedure may also be called colo-pancr...

    Authors: Joe-Bin Chen, Shao-Ciao Luo, Chou-Chen Chen, Cheng-Chung Wu, Yun Yen, Chuan-Hsun Chang, Yun-An Chen and Fang-Ku P’eng

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:7

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Quality in medical care must be measured in order to be improved. Trauma management is part of health care, and by definition, it must be checked constantly. The only way to measure quality and outcomes is to ...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E. Moore, Ronald V. Maier, Raul Coimbra, Carlos Ordoñez, Rao Ivatury, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Walter Biffl, Massimo Sartelli, Andreas Hecker, Luca Ansaloni, Ari Leppaniemi, Viktor Reva, Ian Civil, Felipe Vega…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:6

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Laparoscopic treatment for acutely incarcerated/strangulated inguinal hernias is uncommon and controversial. In the present study, we assessed the safety and feasibility of transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) rep...

    Authors: Jing Liu, Yingmo Shen, Yusheng Nie, Xuefei Zhao, Fan Wang and Jie Chen

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:5

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Trauma is a significant public health problem in Latin America (LA), contributing to substantial death and disability in the region. Several LA countries have implemented trauma registries and injury surveilla...

    Authors: Mohini Dasari, Erica D. Johnson, Jorge H. Montenegro, Dylan P. Griswold, Maria Fernanda Jiménez, Juan Carlos Puyana and Andres M. Rubiano

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:4

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Intussusception is the most common abdominal emergency in children. The first line treatment of uncomplicated pediatric intussusception is enema reduction. Until now, there have been no multi-center studies co...

    Authors: Shu Ting Liu, Xiao Bing Tang, Huan Li, Dong Chen, Jun Lei and Yu Zuo Bai

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:3

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hybrid emergency room (ER) systems, consisting of an angiography-computed tomography (CT) machine in a trauma resuscitation room, are reported to be effective for reducing death from exsanguination in trauma p...

    Authors: Takahiro Kinoshita, Kensuke Moriwaki, Nao Hanaki, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Kazuma Yamakawa, Takashi Fukuda, Myriam G. M. Hunink and Satoshi Fujimi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:2

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Little is known about the effect of under triage on early mortality in trauma in a pediatric population. Our objective is to describe the effect of under triage on 24-h mortality after major pediatric trauma i...

    Authors: François-Xavier Ageron, Jordan Porteaud, Jean-Noël Evain, Anne Millet, Jules Greze, Cécile Vallot, Albrice Levrat, Guillaume Mortamet and Pierre Bouzat

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2021 16:1

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a major challenge for health care services worldwide. It’s impact on oncologic therapies and elective surgery has been described recently, and the literature provides guidelines rega...

    Authors: Martin Reichert, Massimo Sartelli, Markus A. Weigand, Christoph Doppstadt, Matthias Hecker, Alexander Reinisch-Liese, Fabienne Bender, Ingolf Askevold, Winfried Padberg, Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena and Andreas Hecker

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:64

    Content type: Research article

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  26. It is crucial to rapidly identify sepsis so that adequate treatment may be initiated. Accordingly, the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and the quick SOFA (qSOFA) scores are used to evaluate intensiv...

    Authors: Christian Koch, Fabian Edinger, Tobias Fischer, Florian Brenck, Andreas Hecker, Christian Katzer, Melanie Markmann, Michael Sander and Emmanuel Schneck

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:63

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a minimally invasive procedure being increasingly utilized to prevent patients with non-compressible torso hemorrhage from exsanguination. T...

    Authors: Peter Hilbert-Carius, David McGreevy, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Tal M. Hörer

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:62

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acute calculus cholecystitis (ACC) has a high incidence in the general population. The presence of several areas of uncertainty, along with the availability of new evidence, prompted the current update of the ...

    Authors: Michele Pisano, Niccolò Allievi, Kurinchi Gurusamy, Giuseppe Borzellino, Stefania Cimbanassi, Djamila Boerna, Federico Coccolini, Andrea Tufo, Marcello Di Martino, Jeffrey Leung, Massimo Sartelli, Marco Ceresoli, Ronald V. Maier, Elia Poiasina, Nicola De Angelis, Stefano Magnone…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:61

    Content type: Review

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  29. Compartment syndrome can occur in many body regions and may range from homeostasis asymptomatic alterations to severe, life-threatening conditions. Surgical intervention to decompress affected organs or area o...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Mario Improta, Edoardo Picetti, Luigi Branca Vergano, Fausto Catena, Nicola de ’Angelis, Andrea Bertolucci, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Massimo Sartelli, Paola Fugazzola, Dario Tartaglia and Massimo Chiarugi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:60

    Content type: Review

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  30. The study aimed to examine the changing incidence of geriatric trauma and evaluate the predictive ability of different scoring tools for in-hospital mortality in geriatric trauma patients.

    Authors: Libing Jiang, Zhongjun Zheng and Mao Zhang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:59

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) contribute to 90% of injuries occurring in the world. The liver is one of the commonest organs injured in abdominal trauma. This study aims to highlight the demographic...

    Authors: Yash Sinha, Monty U. Khajanchi, Ramlal P. Prajapati, Satish Dharap, Kapil Dev Soni, Vineet Kumar, Santosh Mahindrakar and Nobhojit Roy

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:58

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) could provide a survival benefit to severely injured patients as it may improve their initial ability to survive the hemorrhagic shock. Althoug...

    Authors: Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, David McGreevy, Claudia P. Orlas, Alberto F. García, Tal M. Hörer, Joseph DuBose and Carlos A. Ordoñez

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:57

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Pelvic fractures are common among blunt trauma patients, and timely and accurate diagnosis can improve patient outcomes. However, it remains unclear whether physical examinations are sufficient in this context...

    Authors: Yohei Okada, Norihiro Nishioka, Shigeru Ohtsuru and Yasushi Tsujimoto

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:56

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Many factors of trauma care have changed in the last decades. This review investigated the effect of these changes on global all-cause and cause-specific mortality in polytrauma patients admitted to the intens...

    Authors: Johanna M. M. van Breugel, Menco J. S. Niemeyer, Roderick M. Houwert, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Luke P. H. Leenen and Karlijn J. P. van Wessem

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:55

    Content type: Review

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  35. Fibrinogen may play an important role in the survival of trauma patients; however, its role in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its correlation with disease prognosis remain poorly understood. The aims of this...

    Authors: Ke Lv, Qiang Yuan, Pengfei Fu, Gang Wu, Xing Wu, Zhuoying Du, Jian Yu, Zhiqi Li and Jin Hu

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:54

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Nonintubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery has been widely reported in the past decade, while nonintubated chest wall stabilization has not been reported previously. The aim of this study was to evaluat...

    Authors: Weigang Zhao, Yonglin Chen, Weiwei He, Yonghong Zhao and Yi Yang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:53

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) implemented the Red Cross wound classification (RCWC) to quickly assess the severity of a wound in conflict settings. A subdivision into wound grades derived...

    Authors: Lisanne van Gennip, Frederike J. C. Haverkamp, Måns Muhrbeck, Andreas Wladis and Edward C. T. H. Tan

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:52

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has evolved considerably over the past two decades and has been gradually utilized in severe trauma. However, the indications for the use of ECMO in trauma remain unc...

    Authors: Changtian Wang, Lei Zhang, Tao Qin, Zhilong Xi, Lei Sun, Haiwei Wu and Demin Li

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:51

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There is a paucity of information for predicting patient outcomes other than the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) renal injury scale. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association ...

    Authors: Shunichiro Nakao, Yusuke Katayama, Atsushi Hirayama, Tomoya Hirose, Kenichiro Ishida, Yutaka Umemura, Jotaro Tachino, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Tasuku Matsuyama, Kosuke Kiyohara, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Yuko Nakagawa and Takeshi Shimazu

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:50

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Trauma is a leading cause of death in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). There have been major developments in the trauma system in Al-Ain City during the last two decades. We aimed to study the effects of these ...

    Authors: David O. Alao, Arif Alper Cevik, Hani O. Eid, Zia Jummani and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:49

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The most common cause of death in cases of pelvic trauma is exsanguination caused by associated injuries, not the pelvic injury itself. For patients with relatively isolated pelvic trauma, the impact of vascul...

    Authors: Yu-Tung Wu, Chi-Tung Cheng, Yu-San Tee, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chien-Hung Liao and Chi-Hsun Hsieh

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:48

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In the acute care of trauma, some patients with a low estimated risk of death die suddenly and unexpectedly. In this study, we aim to identify predictors for early death within 24 h following hospital admissio...

    Authors: Philip-C. Nolte, David Häske, Rolf Lefering, Michael Bernhard, Sebastian Casu, Susanne Frankenhauser, Andreas Gather, Paul A. Grützner and Matthias Münzberg

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:47

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Recent trauma guidelines recommend non-operative management for grade III splenic injury without contrast extravasation on computed tomography. Nevertheless, such recommendations rely on low-quality evidence, ...

    Authors: Francesco Amico, Rebecca Anning, Cino Bendinelli and Zsolt J. Balogh

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:46

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Thoracic trauma (TT) is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. Its management is still a very challenging task. The purpose of this study was to ana...

    Authors: Morris Beshay, Fritz Mertzlufft, Hans Werner Kottkamp, Marc Reymond, Ralph Alexander Schmid, Detlev Branscheid and Thomas Vordemvenne

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:45

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Acute pancreatitis is a common inflammatory pancreatic disorder, often caused by gallstone disease and frequently requiring hospitalization.

    Authors: Lucia Ilaria Sgaramella, Angela Gurrado, Alessandro Pasculli, Francesco Paolo Prete, Fausto Catena and Mario Testini

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:44

    Content type: Review

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  46. Since its first documentation, a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection has emerged worldwide, with the consequent declaration of a pandemic disease (COVID-19). Severe forms of acute respiratory failure can ...

    Authors: Andrea Bruni, Eugenio Garofalo, Valeria Zuccalà, Giuseppe Currò, Carlo Torti, Giuseppe Navarra, Giovambattista De Sarro, Paolo Navalesi, Federico Longhini and Michele Ammendola

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:43

    Content type: Case report

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  47. Boerhaave’s syndrome (BS) is a rare life-threating condition with poor prognosis. Unfortunately, due to its very low incidence, no clear evidences or definitive guidelines are currently available: in detail, s...

    Authors: A. Veltri, J. Weindelmayer, L. Alberti, C. A. De Pasqual, M. Bencivenga and S. Giacopuzzi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:42

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Iron metabolism and immune response to SARS-CoV-2 have not been described yet in intensive care patients, although they are likely involved in Covid-19 pathogenesis.

    Authors: Giuliano Bolondi, Emanuele Russo, Emiliano Gamberini, Alessandro Circelli, Manlio Cosimo Claudio Meca, Etrusca Brogi, Lorenzo Viola, Luca Bissoni, Venerino Poletti and Vanni Agnoletti

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:41

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Ischemic colitis (IC) is a severe emergency in gastrointestinal surgery. The aim of the present study was to identify the predictors of postoperative mortality after emergent open colectomy for IC treatment. A...

    Authors: Nassiba Beghdadi, Elisa Reitano, Frederic Cochennec, Pascal Desgranges, Aurelien Amiot, Iradj Sobhani, Nicolas Mongardon, Olivier Langeron, Margherita Notarnicola, Sébastien Mulé, Alain Luciani, Florence Canoui-Poitrine, Alexis Laurent, Daniele Sommacale, Francesco Brunetti and Nicola de’ Angelis

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:40

    Content type: Research article

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  50. The World Society of Emergency Surgery promotes training and continuing medical education in the field of emergency surgery and trauma. One of the most important activities of the society is the development of...

    Authors: Marco Ceresoli, Federico Coccolini, Walter L. Biffl, Massimo Sartelli, Luca Ansaloni, Ernest E. Moore, Salomone Di Saverio, Yoram Kluger and Fausto Catena

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2020 15:39

    Content type: Commentary

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